With the holiday season starting to set in, it’s getting darker, we seem to spend more time indoors, and we’re being invited to more friend and family gatherings. With that, it’s the ideal time to know how to make candles. They’re great to have around all year, but also make a thoughtful handmade gift when you show up to a party.
We chose beeswax for its health benefits. There are no chemicals released when it burns, as with paraffin or even soy wax. Also, beeswax is a natural air-purifier. Through the process of negative ionization, the negatively charged particles attach to positively charged particles such as bacteria, viruses, and allergens, which become heavy and fall to the ground to be swept or vacuumed out of your life. The magic of science! We also added in our favorite essential oils.
A few considerations before starting:
The size of your wick will be determined by the diameter of your candle container and affects how much beeswax is burned at a time. If your candle burns too fast, use a smaller wick. If it won’t stay lit, use a thicker wick.
Reference the chart to help determine wick size.
Beeswax is a hard wax with a high melting point. Because of its composition, it can crack if it cools down too quickly. Blending the beeswax with coconut oil can help prevent this. We added 1/2 cup for every pound of beeswax.
What you’ll need:
- 16 oz. beeswax
- 1/2 cup coconut oil
- Square braided cotton wick at appropriate size (we used pre-made wicks)
- Wood skewer, pencil, etc. to stabilize the wick
- Containers for candles
- Pot for boiling water
- Large measuring cup to melt ingredients
- Your favorite essential oils
Pour the beeswax into the large measuring cup. Place it in your pot with a few inches of water and melt over medium heat. Once the beeswax is almost completely melted, add in the coconut oil and stir while it melts. Remove from heat when it is completely melted, stir, and add in essential oils. We tried combinations about 5 drops for every cup or two of wax.
Pour about half an inch of melted wax into the candle containers and immediately place a wick in the center so it touches the bottom. Hold in place while wax hardens enough to stand on its own. Make sure the wick is straight by wrapping it around a pencil or using leather scraps like we did. Finish pouring the wax into the container, leaving some room at the top.
Set aside to cool and harden completely, about 24-36 hours. Word of warning: make sure the wax doesn't cool too quickly or it could crack. We've seen methods of cooling them gradually in a warm oven.
Finally, cut the wick, leaving 1/4-1/2 inch left. Light away or wrap them up!